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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2451/29503

Title: Does Anyone Read the Fine Print? Testing a Law and Economics Approach toStandard Form Contracts
Authors: Bakos, Yannis - NYU Stern School of Business
Marotta-Wurgler, Florencia - New York University School of Law
Trossen, David R. - Boalt Law School, University of California at Berkeley
Issue Date: 2009
Series/Report no.: Net Institute Working Paper;09-04
Abstract: A cornerstone of the law and economics approach to standard form contracts is the 'informed minority' hypothesis: in competitive markets, a minority of term-conscious buyers is enough to discipline sellers from offering unfavorable boilerplate terms. The informed minority argument is widely invoked to limit intervention in consumer transactions, but there has been little empirical investigation of its validity. We track the Internet browsing behavior of 45,091 households with respect to 66 online software companies to study the extent to which potential buyers access the standard form contract associated with software purchases, the end user license agreement. We find that only one or two out of every thousand retail software shoppers chooses to access the license agreement, and those that do spend too little time, on average, to have read more than a small portion of the license text. The results cast doubt on the relevance of the informed minority mechanism in a specific market where it has been invoked by both theorists and courts and, to the extent that comparison shopping online is relatively cheap and easy, suggest limits to the mechanism more generally.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2451/29503
Appears in Collections:NET Institute Working Papers Series

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