Does Chatter Matter? The Impact of User-Generated Content on Music Sales
|Abstract:||The Internet has enabled the era of user-generated content, potentially breaking the hegemony of traditional content generators as the primary sources of “legitimate” information. Prime examples of user-generated content are blogs and social networking sites, which allow easy publishing of and access to information. In this study, we examine the usefulness of such content, consisting of data from blogs and social networking sites in predicting sales in the music industry. We track the changes in online chatter for a sample of 108 albums for four weeks before and after their release dates. We use linear and nonlinear regression to identify the relative significance of online variables on their observation date in predicting future album unit sales two weeks ahead Our findings are as follows: (a) the volume of blog posts about an album is positively correlated with future sales, (b) greater increases in an artist’s Myspace friends week over week have a weaker correlation to higher future sales, (c) traditional factors are still relevant – albums released by major labels and albums with a number of reviews from mainstream sources like Rolling Stone also tended to have higher future sales. More generally, the study provides some preliminary answers for marketing managers interested in assessing the relative importance of the burgeoning number of “Web 2.0” information metrics that are becoming available on the Internet, and how looking at interactions among them could provide predictive value beyond viewing them in isolation. The study also provides a framework for thinking about when user-generated content influences decision making.|
|Appears in Collections:||IOMS: Information Systems Working Papers|
CeDER Working Papers
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