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Using Samples of Unequal Length in Generalized Method of Moments Estimation

Authors: Lynch, Anthony
Wachter, Jessica
Issue Date: 2-Feb-2009
Series/Report no.: FIN-08-018
Abstract: Many applications in financial economics use data series with different starting or ending dates. This paper describes estimation methods, based on the generalized method of moments (GMM), which make use of all available data for each moment condition. We introduce two asymptotically equivalent estimators that are consistent, asymptotically normal, and more efficient asymptotically than standard GMM. We apply these methods to estimating predictive regressions in international data and show that the use of the full sample affects point estimates and standard errors for both assets with data available for the full period and assets with data available for a subset of the period. Monte Carlo experiments demonstrate that reductions hold for small-sample standard errors as well as asymptotic ones. These methods are extended to more general patterns of missing data, and are shown to be more efficient than estimators that ignore intervals of the data, and thus more efficient than standard GMM.
Appears in Collections:Finance Working Papers

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