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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2451/14363

Authors: Kumar, Rachna
Turner, Jon A.
Issue Date: Mar-1991
Publisher: Stern School of Business, New York University
Series/Report no.: IS-91-07
Abstract: One of the primary methods of instruction in business disciplines is the case. However, in its current form of written presentation, some of the basic learning goals associated with case instruction are compromised. We have used new forms of media involving computing and communication to build a novel learning environment, the Living Case, which flexibly and interactively presents cases along with provide dynamic, on-going feedback to students analyzing a case. In our research we have formalized the process of analyzing a case in order to recognize and interpret student analysis behavior so that provide relevant assistance can be provided. Case analysis is characterized as a problem solving activity driven by comprehension and reasoning operators. A search for these operators led us to build an inventory of reading activities. Twelve hours of protocols are analyzed using "retelling profiles" as an interpretation mechanism. Retelling profiles are visual time plots of the activities undertaken in a reading task. Our preliminary results suggest a deeper structure to case analysis which is common across business disciplines, cases, and individuals. Differences between the analysis strategies of experts and novices are also formalized. Finally, an expert's analogical reasoning strategy using task-specific knowledge encoded as "templates" is identified as a major contributor to their efficiency in solving cases. Templates of typical company situations and responses are triggered early in the analysis process, and subsequent data gathering and reasoning is directed by an attempt to apply the template to the case situation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2451/14363
Appears in Collections:IOMS: Information Systems Working Papers

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